Scientific Disciplinary Sector (SSD)
INF/01 - INFORMATICS
II semestre dal Mar 4, 2013 al Jun 14, 2013.
The course intends to present the fundamental discrete structures, by stressing their role in the analysis of biological phenomena.
Discrete structures: numbers, sets, sequences, multisets, strings, operations, trees, and graphs. Biological contexts where these discrete structures occur: molecules, and chemical reactions, polymers and genomic strings, biological membranes, metabolisms and neural networks. Languages, automata, and grammars: patterns and regular expressions, computation automata. Biological aggregates: bilinear strings and DNA operations, genomes and evolution trees, multiset transformations, membrane systems and protocells, reaction graphs and metabolic dynamics, methods and problems of synthetic biology. Numbers and induction: number systems, number representations, inductive definitions of important numerical sequences, and structural induction on strings, trees and graphs. Elements of combinatorics: allocations and partitions, binomial coefficients.
Written and oral examination.