Scientific Disciplinary Sector (SSD)
M-EDF/02 - SPORT SCIENCES AND METHODOLOGY
II semestre dal Mar 1, 2017 al Jun 2, 2017.
The purpose of the course is to create, through the monitoring of children’s play activities, a corresponding progression of play activities to be performed by school-aged children. It will be important to make a distinction between games for children aged 5-7 years; aged 8-9 years and 10-11 years and adopt a teaching method that may use play in a motor literacy setting and also in the sports training. The teaching method shall take into consideration the typical qualities of children of that age.
At the end of the course, students will be able to propose games following a clear evolution, sequence and purpose. They will have learned to enforce the corresponding psychopedagogical, cognitive, organic-muscular criteria of school-aged children; they will know the physical, motor, cognitive, emotional and social characteristics of toddlers and older kids.
They will show they have understood that play and player are two inseparable entities and therefore the teaching may not only be based on the instrumental concept of play per se, but of play and play evolution. They will be able to identify such disciplinary objectives that are subordinate to the play actions and proposed games. They will be able to place them in an adequate school setting. They will know the value of play as teaching tool and the effect it can have on the child motor, physic, cognitive and social abilities.
The course programme is divided into two teaching modules:
Theoretical teaching module
Practical training module
THEORY MODULES (16 HOURS)
1. MODULE: the motor, organic-muscular, cognitive and emotional characteristics of school-aged children.
- Children aged 5/6 years. Children over 7 years-old. Children aged 10 years.
- Play in motor education. The elements of play at school: structuring of space and time of play.
- The moments of play development. Infant play and evolved play.
- Game classification according to the rules: performance, easily organized games; regulated games.
- Game classification according to participation: individual games, couple games, team group games.
2. MODULE: gross motor skills and the acquisition of basic motor skills ( locomotor and not locomotor) through play.
- Game classification according to social dynamics: one vs one, one vs all, all vs all, two vs one, two vs two, cooperative games, in team games, team games.
- Game classification according to: physical efficiency (MVPA); cognitive and performance functions; coordination skills development.
- Multilateral and multiform training.
- Multitasking and bilateralism principle.
3. MODULE: motor literacy and sport game proposals
- Activation game; playful action; high motivating final game
- Differences between playful activities and games
- Play and creativity
- Game organization: time and operating context. Changes and variability in practice.
- Play of reference and pitch invasion games
- Game: facilitating, stabilizing, complicating
- Safe games; orderly games; destructured games
- Teaching methods for the preparation and presentation of games
4. MODULE: The mini section of individual and team sports.
- Coded rules games
- Game reduction
- The principle of specificity of teaching.
- Teaching sport practice through play: learning by playing.
- The use of adequate tools.
- Motivation in competitive mini-sports
- Stress capacity in infant age.
- Strength and speed preparation.
PRATICAL TRAINING MODULES (15 ore)
- 1 MODULE: Games for the development of special coordination skills: sensorial-perceptive games, lateral and dominance games, rhythm games, orienteering games, space-time structured games, games to learn the body scheme, balance, imitation and expression games.
- I “Key games” . Performance games. Warm-up games, middle phase games and high motivation final games.
- Games without the use of apparatuses
- Games with apparatuses without the use of balls.
- 2. MODULE games in the school age
- Games for children aged from 6 to 8 years-old
Individual games; Group games; Team games; Regulated games. One vs one; one vs all. Relay races.
Games with balls for children aged from 6 to 8 years-old
- Games for children aged from 8 to 10 years-old
Individual games: collaborative games; team games; regulated games. Competitions. Tournaments. Games with balls for children aged from 8 to 10 years-old.
- 3. MODULE Mini sport: the principle of specificity of teaching.
- Teaching methods: peer teaching. Cooperative learning. Simulation.
- Game reduction
- Game simplification and facilitation
- Agility and reactivity in a playful format. Composed movements- basic movements- non-specific composed movements- sport-specific movements. Plyometrics and jumps in a playful format.
“Manuale di scienze motorie e sportive” V. Biino 2006 Hoepli, Milan
“Motricità e gioco” E. Zocca, V. Biino 2009 Hoepli, Milan
Gallahue D.L. e Donnelly F.C., 2003. Developmental physical education for all children. Human Kinetics, Champaign, IL USA.
Caterina Pesce, Rosalba Marchetti, Anna Motta, Mario Bellucci, 2015. Joy of moving. Calzetti & Mariucci Editore.
Written exam: five open questions, five minutes each. After each answer the student is required to underline the answer (ability to synthesize information).
Practical exam: an essay with a high level of application in practice (skills).
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