Viticulture practices and mechanization (2020/2021)
The teaching is organized as follows:
The evolution in terms of quality and the simultaneous decline in consumption of wine, have imposed a substantial modification of the technical-cultivation of the vineyards. It was therefore tried to put in place at various levels, technical-scientific and practical, a model of viticulture compatible with the characteristics of the sites of cultivation, in which it is necessary to the minimum of external inputs to achieve the highest possible quality levels in relation to the environmental vocation. The decision-making process that, through knowledge and parameterization of environmental characteristics, has led to the development of vineyards in harmony with the environment, both from a design point of view and management and has determined, in turn, the establishment of plants less demanding in terms of water and nutrition and in any case where the vegetative-productive development was connected with the characteristics of the wines. Viticulture, in many cases, has become an instrument of protection and restoration of environmental balance, being able to attribute to it today not only the productive function, but also conservation and environmental protection. The course presents the different growing techniques in viticulture, examines the problems and effects on productivity and quality. In particular, the course examines how plant the vineyard, the different forms of vine training and pruning systems, techniques of soil management of vineyards, the techniques of irrigation, the mineral nutrition of the grapevine, particular reference to the systems of fertilization to soil and foliar, the canopy management and methods of harvest.
The course of viticultural techniques and mechanization addresses the various issues that concern the operational choices and the methods for carrying out the techniques of ordinary agronomic management of the vineyard: criteria for design and planting; factors to consider when choosing the site; soil preparation; the arrangement of the rows and the criteria for adopting certain planting densities; the choice of the propagation material of the vine and the materials for the construction of the vineyard plant, the main training and pruning systems; how to manage the vineyard; canopy management and concept of vegeto-productive balance; the regulation of the water regime; soil management; harvest management.
The tractor and the machines for vineyards: tillage and transplanters; fertilization; pruning; harvest; treatments; precision viticulture.
The exam is oral for the module Viticultural Techniques, and written for the module of Mechanization, for both students following and not following lectures. The aim of the exam is to assess the knowledge of the subjects listed in the course program. The ability to connect systemically different subjects, the deep knowledge and understanding of the subjects will be also matter of evaluation.
||Coltivare la vite
||Edizioni L'informatore Agrario
|Alberto Palliotti, Stefano Poni, Oriana Silvestroni
||MANUALE DI VITICOLTURA
||Edagricole - New Business Media
||Viticoltura di qualità
|P.R. Dry and B.G. Coombe
||Viticulture Volume 2 – Practices