Logic and philosophy of the science (2021/2022)
Scientific Disciplinary Sector (SSD)
M-FIL/02 - LOGIC AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE
The teaching is organized as follows:
Logic and Philosophy of Science
The course of Logic and Philosophy of Science aims to provide students with the knowledge of scientific thought and methodology of scientific research, in the wider context of Western philosophical tradition and its main conceptual lines, in particular within contemporary philosophical debate. At the end of the course, students will develop the following abilities: logical competences, reasoning, and solution to problems; capacity to comprehend philosophical texts; capacity to autonomously shape critical assessments on the topics taught during the course; capacity to communicate philosophical contents to specialists and non-specialists alike, and to continue their studies at a MA level; learning a correct modality of scientific writing and/or writing their dissertation.
The course of logic and philosophy of science aims at providing an introduction to the epistemological and metaphysical problem of the philosophical tradition with a specific attention to their influence of the present debate. Being impossible to treat all problems, each year the course focuses on a particular topic belonging to logic, mathematics, physics, biology or computer science.
This year the course focuses on the relations between logic, mathematics, epistemology, ontology, and philosophy of mind and it explores the philosophical problems related to human and artificial cognition. The main themes are:
- The foundational crisis in mathematics and the emergence of the theory of computation
- The philosophy of mind and the cognitive sciences
- The epistemological and ethical problems of artificial intelligence
The driving questions of the course are:
- How was modern artificial intelligence born?
- What is the relation between human and artificial cognitive agents?
- What ethical and political problems are generated by the use of algorithms?
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The final evaluation aims at assessing students’ knowledge as well as their capacity to argue correctly, use properly concepts and tools of philosophy of science, and their creativity. The final grade depends on the active participation to the laboratories, the assignment (2000-5000 words) on a relevant topic to be decided with the instructor, a book report (max 3000 words), and a written exam:
- 25% written exam
- 40% assignment (2000-5000 words)
- 35% book report (max 3000 words)