Scientific Disciplinary Sector (SSD)
BIO/09 - PHYSIOLOGY
Language of instruction
1° semestre dal Oct 1, 2021 al Jan 21, 2022.
• Learn the basics of how the human body works as a set of organs and systems; also integrating and completing the knowledge already acquired in physics, chemistry, biochemistry, anatomy and biology. • Acquire a critical approach to knowledge deriving from the application of the scientific method, in particular applied to the analysis of physiological responses to exercise. • Identify the functional purpose of the organs and systems by understanding their role in maintaining the general homeostasis of the human organism. • To acquire the fundamental physiological bases of motor control in humans.
Preliminary general knowledge
In order to understand the course of Physiology, you must have first assimilated the basics of Chemistry, Physics, Biochemistry and Mathematics, in particular:
• Chemistry: the concept of pH, molarity, colligative properties of solutions, osmolality and osmotic pressure, diffusion.
• Biochemistry: concepts of enthalpy, entropy, free energy, biological macromolecules, their classification and function, the main metabolic pathways, enzyme kinetics and mitochondrial enzymes.
• Physics: physics of gases, electro physics, surface tension, Laplace's law, the basics of mechanics, statics and dynamics of fluids, laws of thermodynamics.
• Biology: biophysical characteristics of the cell membrane; structure of the cell and cellular organelles; the genetic code; transcription and translation; protein synthesis; membrane receptors; the intracellular signals and the second messengers (Protein G, AMP cyclic, Calcium, etc.); transport mechanisms through the membrane; mechanisms of cell regeneration.
• Mathematics: the concept of the logarithm, the concept of function and axes, functions, linear, power, exponential; methods of manipulation of logarithms, the concepts of derivative and integral; units of the international system
1. Principles of general physiology and biophysics of the cell
2. Physiology and biomechanics of striated muscle
3. Motor control (spinal and supraspinal mechanisms)
4. The autonomic nervous system
5. Physico-chemical characteristics of the blood; coagulation and hemostasis
6. Cardiovascular physiology: heart and circulation Regulation of acid-base
8. Renal Physiology: filtration, reabsorption, secretion and excretion
9. Acid-base regulation
10. Fluid and electrolyte balance
11. Metabolism and thermoregulation
12. Physiology of the endocrine system
13. Physiology of muscular exercise
14. Physiology of Gastrointestinal system
Please have a look at the Course Contents (attached in TEACHING AIDS)
Visualizza la bibliografia con Leganto, strumento che il Sistema Bibliotecario mette a disposizione per recuperare i testi in programma d'esame in modo semplice e innovativo.
The exam consists of a multiple-choice test (66 questions in 130 minutes).
The minimum score for the written examination is 36/66. The outcome of the Exam is communicated on the same day online, on the alert page of the course.
Candidates must notify the vote within a maximum time of 7 days. In the absence of communication, the corresponding evaluation in thirtieths will be automatically recorded
• 30 cum lode: > 60 correct answers (A)
• 30: 60 correct answers (B)
• 29: 58 correct answers (B)
• 28: 56 correct answers (C)
• 27: 54 correct answers (C)
• 26: 52 correct answers (D)
• 25: 50 correct answers (D)
• 24: 48 correct answers (D)
• 23: 46 correct answers (E)
• 22: 44 correct answers (E)
• 21: 42 correct answers (E)
• 20: 40 correct answers (E)
• 19: 38 correct answers (E)
• 18: 36 correct answers (E)
• Failure (F): below 36 correct answers.