Health-related food and gut microbiota
Scientific Disciplinary Sector (SSD)
AGR/16 - AGRICULTURAL MICROBIOLOGY
Secondo semestre dal Mar 7, 2022 al Jun 10, 2022.
The course aims to deepen the basics, the study methodologies and the most recent advances in the use of microorganisms for food and human health. The knowledge about prebiotics and first-generation probiotics (identities, formulations, action mechanisms and associated health claims) will be deepened, and then the vision will be extended to the intestinal microbiota and its composition, in relation to the well-being of man: the intestinal microbiota constitutes both an important intervention target and a source of microorganisms with beneficial activities. Finally, the most recent developments in the field of new generation probiotics will be discussed. At the end of the course the student will be able to understand the relationship between food, microorganisms and health and will have the skills to play an active role in the technological transfer of scientific knowledge for the innovation of the health food / functional market.
1. Introduction: basic concepts and definitions, health claims, regulatory aspects.
2. Prebiotics: chemical compounds, action mechanisms, health claims.
3. First-generation probiotics: definition and taxonomic classification, safety aspects, action mechanisms, formulations and health claims.
4. The human intestinal microbiota: study methodologies, composition and physiological roles. The microbiota as a target for intervention through diet. The intestinal microbiota as a source of microorganisms with beneficial properties.
5. New generation probiotics: beneficial effects, safety.
Oral examination: interview, also starting from the discussion of a scientific paper or a product on the market (chosen in agreement with the professor). To pass the exam, students must demonstrate that they have acquired knowledge of the different topics covered, and that they know how to connect the information and apply them to solve simple examples of application problems.