German language 3
Scientific Disciplinary Sector (SSD)
L-LIN/14 - LANGUAGE AND TRANSLATION - GERMAN
II semestre (Lingue e letterature straniere) dal Feb 14, 2022 al May 28, 2022.
On successful completion of this module, students will be able to: - apply the basic descriptive categories of phonology to the phonological system of German; - recognize the most important phonological processes of German; - describe the most important differences between the phonological systems of German and Italian; - carry out a phonetic transcription of Standard German words; - demonstrate to have the German language skills that correspond to the C1 level of the CEFR.
Introduction to the phonetics and phonology of German
This course features four thematic units. In (1) "Phonetics" the foundations of acoustic and, most of all, articulatory phonetics will be introduced, the correlations between writing and pronunciation will be discussed and phonetic transcriptions of standard German words are trained. German and Italian sound systems will be compared. (2) "Segmental phonology" illustrates basic concepts of the phonological system and focuses then on the rules which operate between the underlying structure with the phonological representations of the words and their phonetic realization on the surface structure (final devoicing, r-vocalization etc.). (3) "Prosodic phonology" is dedicated to the phonological constituents, syllable structure and stress. In (4) "Diatopic and diaphasic variation" the variation of colloquial standard German due to the origins of the speakers and the speech situation are considered.
Note: this course is taught in German.
(1) Text book: Alber, Birgit (2007): Einführung in die Phonologie des Deutschen. Verona: QuiEdit.
(2) Additional references for topics not included in the text book:
- Hall, Tracy Alan (2011): Phonologie. Eine Einführung. 2., überarbeitete Auflage. Berlin/New York: De Gruyter: Kap. 10.2 Prosodische Phonologie (pp. 307-320).
- Kleiner, Stefan (2011-): Atlas zur Aussprache des deutschen Gebrauchsstandards (AADG). Unter Mitarbeit von Ralf Knöbl. http://prowiki.ids-mannheim.de/bin/view/AADG/.
(3) The following books are for those students who have difficulties in reading the German texts:
- Nespor, Marina (1999): Fonologia. Bologna: Il Mulino.
- Graffi, Giorgio/Scalise, Sergio (2002): Le lingue e il linguaggio. Introduzione alla linguistica. Bologna: Il Mulino.
All other teaching material will be made available on the Moodle platform.
Visualizza la bibliografia con Leganto, strumento che il Sistema Bibliotecario mette a disposizione per recuperare i testi in programma d'esame in modo semplice e innovativo.
Written exam. The exam consists of a theoretical part (questions regarding basic concepts) and a practical part which comprises phonetic transcription, analysis of phonological processes and syllable structure analysis of German words, in contrast to Italian, additionally the classification and discussion of non-standard variants. The language of the exam is German.
Linguistic competence required: level C1 (CEFR), certified either by the CLA (Centro Linguistico di Ateneo) or by any other authorized testing center. The final grade will be calculated as the mean score of the grade of the exam and the grade obtained for the C1 certificate.
Students taking this exam must have completed the language and literature exams of the first and second year.