Prevention oro-dental diseases (2021/2022)
The teaching is organized as follows:
2 SEMESTRE PROFESSIONI SANITARIE
2 SEMESTRE PROFESSIONI SANITARIE
Teaching aims to critically educate the student about the main etiopathogenic mechanisms of dental pathologies. To raise awareness of the mechanisms of cellular and molecular damage and the restorative reactions that this triggers with particular reference to the development of the inflammatory process and the repair of wounds, and to the mechanisms of hemostatic and repair of vascular damage. The main methods of diagnostic and molecular imaging in clinical use will be explained. The student will gain knowledge on the principles of radioprotection for both patients and operators on radiation interactions with matter and the side effects induced by ionizing radiation. ODONTOSTOMATOLOGIC PATHOLOGY MODULE Training objectives: The course aims to critically educate the student to the knowledge of the main etiopathogenic mechanisms of pathologies with an odontostomatologic interest of an infectious, inflammatory, autoimmune, pre-neoplastic, benign and malignant cancer. • Introduction to special dental pathology • Oral cavity diseases with infectious etiopathogenesis of the oral cavity • Oral mucosa diseases with autoimmunitary etiopathogenesis • Oral cavity diseases with floristic and/or reactive etopathogenesis • Oro-facial granulomatosis • Precancerous manifestations and squamocellular carcinoma of the oral cavity RADIODIAGNOSTICS ELEMENTS MODULE FOR IMAGES AND RADIOPROTECTION Training objectives: At the end of this lesson module, the student will be able to understand the main diagnostic and molecular imaging methods in clinical use. The student will gain useful insights into the main diagnostic investigations for images in dentistry, with particular regard to the physical principles of the energies used, the side effects, the way images are formed. Know the indications of the different investigations. Learn basic notions of anatomy and radiological semeiotics. Familiarize yourself with the imaging of diseases of greatest interest such as tooth decay, periapic lesions, cysts, tumors, traumatic injuries. The student will gain knowledge on the principles of radioprotection for both patients and operators on radiation interactions with matter and side effects induced by ionizing radiation, and how to behave accordingly. GENERAL PATHOLOGY MODULE Training objectives: The fundamental aim of the Pathology Course is the acquisition of conceptual and scientific tools to explain the causes and mechanisms of cellular and molecular damage and human diseases. The programme includes the main chemical, physical and biological pathogenic factors and their effects (biological damage) on living matter, cells and tissues, reactions to biological damage that are decisive in the healing/repair or pathology process, with particular reference to the mechanisms of immunity, inflammation, wound healing and chronicisation of pathological processes. The course aims to illustrate the reparing reactions that cellular and molecular damage triggers with particular reference to the development of the inflammatory process and wound repair, and to the hemostatic and repair mechanisms of vascular damage.