Scientific Disciplinary Sector (SSD)
BIO/16 - HUMAN ANATOMY
LEZIONI 2°SEMESTRE dal Feb 14, 2022 al May 27, 2022.
Anatomy The educational module of human anatomy aims to provide students with the fundamental morphological aspects of the structures of the human body, the different macroscopic, topographic, and microscopic aspects for the subsequent understanding of the functions of the human body The morphological and semeiological knowledge of the apparatuses. Making judgments: knowing how to carry out reasoning on a preventive and adapted basis. Communication skills: being able to express oneself correctly from a technical point of view. The course aims to provide the knowledge concerning the topographical subdivision of the human body, reference plans and related terminology. In-depth treatment of the skeleton, joints and head and neck muscles. The development of the neurocranium and the splanchno-skull. The blood and lymphatic vessels of the head and neck. The regional anatomy of the head and neck: oral cavity, tongue, teeth, salivary glands, nasal and paranasal cavities, pharynx, larynx. The development of the central and peripheral nervous system, of the cranial nerves. The student must obtain knowledge of general anatomy, concerning the different systems (nervous, cardiovascular, respiratory, locomotor, digestive, urogenital, lymphatic, endocrine), to complete the acquired knowledge of the special anatomy of head and neck.
General anatomy. Topographical subdivision of the human body, reference planes and related terminology - surface anatomy, body cavities and visceral spaces. Locomotor system. General information on skeletal, articular and muscular systems; articular and muscular mechanics - General morphology of the main skeletal and muscular districts - In-depth treatment of the skeleton, joints and muscles of the head and neck - Development of the neurocranium and the splanchnocranium Circulatory system. Heart (vasculature and innervation - conduction apparatus) - Pericardium - Arteries, capillaries and veins (general organization of the general and pulmonary blood circulation) - Blood vessels of the head and neck. Lymphatic system. Central and peripheral lymphatic organs - Lymphatics of the head and neck Regional anatomy: head and neck. Oral cavity - Tongue - Teeth - Salivary glands - Nasal and paranasal cavities - Pharynx - Larynx - Development of facial mass - Endocrine system. Pituitary gland and hypophyseal hypothalamus portal system - Thyroid - Parathyroid - Adrenal gland - Endocrine pancreas - Endocrine elements of the testis and ovary. Central nervous system. Structural and functional organization of the nervous system - Development of the central nervous system - Vascularization - Ventricles and cerebrospinal fluid - Meninges - Sensitive systems: functional and topographical anatomy of the somatosensitive pathways - Somatic and visceral sensitivity of the head; functional and topographical anatomy of the trigeminal system - Chemical senses: taste and smell - Motor systems: functional and topographical anatomy of descending motor pathways - Motor nuclei of the cranial nerves - cerebellum - The nuclei of the base - The hypothalamus and the regulation of functions endocrine and visceral (general organization of the autonomic nervous system) - The limbic system and brain circuits for emotions, learning and memory. Peripheral nervous system. Cranial nerves functionally and topographically linked to the facial massif (trigeminal - facial - glossopharyngeal - hypoglossal) Macro and microscopic morphofunctional aspects of: - Respiratory system (macroscopic and structural aspects of the upper and lower airways, morphofunctional anatomy of the lungs and pleurae); digestive (macroscopic and structural aspects of the alimentary canal and of the attached glands, with particular reference to the control of digestive processes and intestinal motility); - urinary (macro and microscopic aspects of the kidney and urinary tract with particular reference to the anatomical bases of the production of urine and urination) - reproductive.