Sociology and analysis of social dynamics [Cognomi A-L]
Scientific Disciplinary Sector (SSD)
SPS/07 - GENERAL SOCIOLOGY
The main aims of the course are:
1. to present the main concepts of sociology, paying special attention to strategies and main subjects of sociological research and referring particularly to Italian society features;
2. to present a systematic introduction to techniques of structural analysis, known also well as techniques of social network analysis, first presenting their theoretical roots and secondly dealing with the relational concept of social phenomena and their operationalization;
3. to examine a specific subject of sociological research: social capital concept, which is strongly linked with social network concept, will be analysed in a theoretical and empirical way. It will be presented two empirical researches about social capital, both of them carried out in educational context. The first research will be a concrete example of sociological study, carried out through the data of attributive nature and the second research will be instead an example of social network analysis.
First part: 1. Introduction to sociology; 2. Culture; 3. Social structure; 4. Socialization; 5. Social interaction; 6. Organizations; 7. Deviance and social control; 8. Community and urban life; 9. Inequality, stratification and social classes; 10. Ethnic inequality; 11. Gender and inequality; 12. Age and inequality; 13. Family; 14. Education; 15. Religion; 16. Economy and society; 17. Political system; 18. Population dynamics; 19. Collective behaviour and social movements; 20. Social and cultural change.
Second part: 1. Definition and utility of social network analysis; 2. Theoretical roots of social network analysis; 3. Social relation and its operationalization; 4. Methods for the data collection and organization; 5. Graphic representation of data; 6. Graph Theory; 7. Matrix representation of data; 8. Centrality and centralization of graphs; 9. Methods and techniques for partition of graphs; 10. Methods and techniques for reduction of graphs; 11. Positions, roles and structural equivalence; 12. Limits and prospects of development for social network analysis.
Third part: 1. Capital in sociological theory: from economic to social capital; 2. Theories of social capital: individualistic, holistic and relational approaches; 3. Strategies of analysis and measurement of social capital; 4. A relational way of social capital analysis: the empirical study “Third sector and social capital improvement in the personal services”; 5. A structural interactionist way of social capital analysis: the empirical study “Social capital and effectiveness of support services in a pedagogical centre”; 6. A hypothesis of methodological integration.
N.J. Smelser, Manuale di sociologia, Bologna, il Mulino, 2007.
A.M. Chiesi, L’analisi dei reticoli, Milano, FrancoAngeli, 1999.
L. Tronca, L’analisi del capitale sociale, Padova, Cedam, 2007.