The course aims at illustrating principles of genetic transmission at molecular, cellular and population level. Mendelian, molecular and population genetics elements will be taught. Existing traditional grapevine breeding methods, based on natural and induced genetic variability, and modern plant breeding instruments, genomic based, will be reviewed.
The Early Concepts of Heredity , Mendel's Laws of Inheritance, Chromosome Theory of Heredity, Linkage and Linear Arrangement of Genes, Genetic Recombination and Mechanism, Gene Interactions, Multiple Alleles, Genes and Environment, Genetic Determination of Quantitative Traits , Genetic Basis of Sex Determination, Genes in Human Heredity, Chromosomes, Genes, and DNA, Gene Mutations, DNA Content and Variation, Gene Structure and Concept, Mutagenesis, Gene Function, General Nature of the Genetic Code, Specific Nature of the Genetic Code, Transfer and Translation of Genetic Information, Regulation of Gene Activity, Genetic Recombination in Micro-organisms and Molecular Mechanisms, Genetic Determinants in Cytoplasm, Chromosome Rearrangements, Evolution of Diploids and Polyploids, DNA Finds New Ways of Generating Variability, Genes in Evolution, Formation of New Races and Species, Origin of Man and DNA Technology, Evolution, Polymorphism, and DNA, Emergence of Genetic Engineering, Genes and Some Social Issues, Elements of population genetics. Grapevine Genetics and Genomics. Plant breeding methodologies in asexual propagated species. Goals of modern plant breeding in grapevine