Scientific Disciplinary Sector (SSD)
L-LIN/01 - HISTORICAL AND GENERAL LINGUISTICS
CuCi IIA, CuCi IIB
The course of Comparative Grammar of Classical Languages gives an introduction in the comparative study of the Ancient Indo-European languages, based on the reconstructive method, in order to describe selected grammatical categories of the Protolanguage (Proto-Indo-European). The structural aspects of the development and change of some grammatical categories, described in a diachronic perspective, especially of those belonging to the nominal and verbal morphology, are particularly referring to Old Greek and Latin, Sanskrit and the German languages. The phenomena will be presented through the reading and discussion of selected texts in order to show their reconstruction for the protolanguage and of some pragmatic or syntactic features in the texts. The texts will be chosen among the oldest documents of some Indo-European languages such as Mycenaean Greek, Old Latin, Vedic, Gothic, Hittite and Lithuanian. Expected results Adequate knowledge of the history and methods of the traditional studies in Comparative Indo-European linguistics.- Adequate knowledge of the morphological inventory for nominal and verbal derivation - The ability to understand and apply the comparative method on the base of the attested languages. – The ability to recognize forms and morphemes, phrases and categories in the Ancient languages and to compare them. The skill to use the right concepts and a correct scientific terminology when discussing issues of (proto-)language reconstruction, language change, language comparison. PREREQUISITES The basic knowledge provided by the course of Introduction in the study of the Indo-European languages.
The course of Comparative Grammar of the Classical Languages offers an overview of the attestations in terms of texts and grammars of some languages belonging to the Indo-European family. In particular, a diachronic linguistic analysis of the grammatical categories of the ancient Indo-European languages and an essay of some textual typologies transversal to different languages are offered with a view to their possible reconstruction in the Protolanguage. Cultural, religious and mythological aspects will also be presented in a comparative key. The contents will in fact be presented and commented through the reading of archaic texts of some languages ie. such as Mycenaean Greek, archaic Latin, Sanskrit (Vedic) Gothic, Hittite, Lithuanian. Particular writing systems (both alphabets and logographic system) will be also presented in relation to some Ancient languages.
The texts will be provided by the teacher during the course.
Beekes, Robert S.P., 1995, Comparative Indo-European linguistics: an introduction, Amsterdam
Clackson, James, 2007, Indo-European Linguistics. An Introduction, Cambridge.
Fortson, Benjamin W., 2004, Indo-European language and culture. An introduction, Malden, MA
Giacalone Anna, Paolo Ramat, 1994, Le lingue Indoeuropee, Il Mulino, Bologna
Lehmann, W.P., 1999, La linguistica indoeuropea, (trad. italiana) Mulino, Bologna
Oral exam and presentation of a paper during the class.
At the end of the course, the student will acquire an adequate knowledge of the history and methods of the traditional studies in Comparative Indo-European linguistics, in particular:
- Adequate knowledge of the morphological inventory for nominal and verbal derivation
- The ability to understand and apply the comparative method on the base of the attested languages. – The ability to recognize forms and morphemes, phrases and categories in the Ancient languages and to compare them.
-The skill to use the right concepts and a correct scientific terminology when discussing issues of the reconstruction of the (Proto-)language, language change, language comparison.
- to translate and linguistically comment the texts analyzed together.