Training and Research

PhD Programme Courses/classes - 2023/2024

Clinical Biochemistry and Clinical Molecular Biology

Credits: 5

Language: Italiano

Teacher:  Giuseppe Lippi

Virus oncogeni

Credits: 2

Language: Italiano

Teacher:  Davide Gibellini

Oral Pathology

Credits: 2

Language: Italiano/English

Teacher:  Dario Bertossi

Experimental approaches to study FGFR3-related diseases

Credits: 2

Language: English

Teacher:  Patricia Lievens

Meccanismi molecolari nei processi di differenziamento staminale

Credits: 2,5

Language: Italiano

Teacher:  Maria Teresa Valenti

Emerging viruses and zoonosis

Credits: 3

Language: Italiano

Teacher:  Donato Zipeto

Corso di approfondimento sul virus dell'Immunodeficienza umana HIV

Credits: 2,5

Language: English

Teacher:  Alessandra Ruggiero

Corso di OMICA applicato alla medicina

Credits: 5

Language: English

Teacher:  Alessandra Ruggiero

Bioinformatics applied to genomics

Credits: 2

Language: Italiana e Inglese

Teacher:  Maria Romanelli

Epidemiologic Methodology

Credits: 3

Language: Italiano/English

Teacher:  Maria Elisabetta Zanolin

Il disegno degli studi osservazionali

Credits: 3

Language: Italiano/English

Teacher:  Maria Elisabetta Zanolin

Nuove strategie per combattere la resistenza agli antibiotici

Credits: 2

Language: Italiano

Teacher:  Annarita Mazzariol

Translational research in long COVID

Credits: 1,5

Language: Italiano / Inglese

Teacher:  Evelina Tacconelli

R avanzanto per gli studi del Genoma umano

Credits: 3

Language: English or Italian

Teacher:  Giovanni Malerba

Global Health: Determinanti di salute, fattori di rischio, stili di vita e disuguaglianze in sanità

Credits: 2

Language: Italiano

Teacher:  Stefano Tardivo

Developmental encephalopathies from diagnosis to precision medicine

Credits: 1

Language: Italiano

Teacher:  Francesca Darra

Citometria a flusso: principi ed applicazioni

Credits: 2

Language: Italiano/English

Teacher:  Maria Scupoli

Genetics of complex traits

Credits: 2

Language: English

Teacher:  Giovanni Malerba

central auditory deseses

Credits: 2,5

Language: Italiano

Teacher:  Luca Sacchetto

Bench to bedside infectious diseases - the immunocompromised patient

Credits: 1

Language: Italiano/English

Teacher:  Elda Righi

Oral microbiota and cancer: from clinic to research

Credits: 2,5

Language: Italiano

Teacher:  Nicoletta Zerman





Class attendance

Free Choice



Learning objectives

Understanding the connections between oral microbiota and oral cancer. Know the clinical and innovative research aspects.

Prerequisites and basic notions

Microbiology of the oral cavity: anatomy and physiology of the oral cavity, characteristics of the oral microbial ecosystem. Composition of the oral microbiota: list of the main microorganisms present in the oral cavity, including bacteria, viruses and fungi. Role of the oral microbiota in health and disease: interactions between the oral microbiota and the human host, microbial balance and balance disorders. Dental biofilm: formation, structure and function of dental biofilm, role in the pathogenesis of oral diseases such as tooth decay and periodontal disease. Dental diseases associated with oral microbiota: dental caries, periodontal disease, stomatitis, endodontic infections and other oral conditions. Factors influencing the oral microbiota: effects of diet, oral hygiene, tobacco smoking and other factors on the oral microbiota. Impact of the oral microbiota on general health: relationships between oral health and systemic health, for example the connections between periodontal disease and heart disease. Microbiology of opportunistic oral infections: oral infections in immunocompromised patients, such as those with HIV/AIDS or undergoing chemotherapy. Microbiology of neoplastic lesions of the oral cavity: role of oral microorganisms in oral carcinogenesis and precancerous lesions. Role of the host immune system: key role in the defense against oral infections. Compromised immunity or an alteration of the balance of the microbiota as a predisposition to a greater risk of infections.


Methods of studying the oral microbiota: sampling techniques, culture, molecular biology methods such as DNA sequencing and quantitative PCR. Oral microbiota-targeted therapies: Oral microbiota management strategies to promote oral health, such as the use of probiotics, prebiotics, and antibacterial treatments. Recent developments in oral microbiota research: new discoveries, innovative research approaches, and potential applications for the diagnosis and treatment of oral diseases. Transmission and control of nosocomial infections: prevention strategies for oral infections in hospitalized patients, with particular attention to the prevention of post-operative infections. Antibiotics and microbial resistance in the oral cavity: appropriate use of antibiotics in the treatment of oral infections and understanding the implications of microbial resistance in the oral cavity. Appropriate guidelines for the rational use of antibiotics. Interactions between microorganisms present in the oral microbiota and other bacteria or viruses present in the oral cavity and upper respiratory tract. Dysbiosis as a factor favoring the colonization of bacterial pathogens or the compromise of the local immune system. Microorganisms involved in upper respiratory tract infections and their influence on the development of tumors. The development of cancer: interaction between genetic, environmental and behavioral factors. Cancer Prevention. Early diagnosis of oral cancer. Notes on cancer treatment. Conventional therapies and symptom management and support. Ongoing research and future perspectives: Understanding the role of the oral microbiota. Future studies will investigate the interaction between the oral microbiota, the host immune system and the onset of oral cancer, in order to develop more effective prevention and treatment strategies.


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When and where

interactive lessons in a clinical setting on the patient. Teaching material provided on request also regarding prerequisites.

Learning assessment procedures

written and oral exam. preparation of a scientific publication

Students with disabilities or specific learning disorders (SLD), who intend to request the adaptation of the exam, must follow the instructions given HERE


1. ability to relate to the patient 2. ability to clinically and therapeutically characterize the patient 3. adequacy in answering 10 open written questions 4. scientific paper presented

Criteria for the composition of the final grade

out of thirtieths equally distributed considering the 4 evaluation criteria

PhD school courses/classes - 2023/2024

Please note: Additional information will be added during the year. Currently missing information is labelled as “TBD” (i.e. To Be Determined).

PhD students must obtain a specified number of CFUs each year by attending teaching activities offered by the PhD School.
First and second year students must obtain 8 CFUs. Teaching activities ex DM 226/2021 provide 5 CFUs; free choice activities provide 3 CFUs.
Third year students must obtain 4 CFUs. Teaching activities ex DM 226/2021 provide 2 CFUs; free choice activities provide 2 CFUs.

Registering for the courses is not required unless explicitly indicated; please consult the course information to verify whether registration is required or not. When registration is actually required, no confirmation e-mail will be sent after signing up.

Teaching Activities ex DM 226/2021: Linguistic Activities

Teaching Activities ex DM 226/2021: Research management and Enhancement

Teaching Activities ex DM 226/2021: Statistics and Computer Sciences

Teaching Activities: Free choice



Accordini Simone

symbol email symbol phone-number +39 045 8027657

Bertossi Dario

symbol email symbol phone-number +39 045 812 4096

Bombieri Cristina

symbol email symbol phone-number 045-8027284

Cantalupo Gaetano

symbol email symbol phone-number +39 045 812 7123

Cazzoletti Lucia

symbol email symbol phone-number 045 8027656

Darra Francesca

symbol email symbol phone-number +39 045 812 7869

Gibellini Davide

symbol email symbol phone-number +390458027559

Lievens Patricia

symbol email symbol phone-number 0458027218

Lippi Giuseppe

symbol email symbol phone-number +39 045 812 4308

Malerba Giovanni

symbol email symbol phone-number 045/8027685

Marcon Alessandro

symbol email symbol phone-number +39 045 802 7668

Mazzariol Annarita

symbol email symbol phone-number 045 8027690

Montagnana Martina

symbol email symbol phone-number +39 045 812 6698

Moretti Francesca

symbol email symbol phone-number 045 8027294

Righi Elda

symbol email

Romanelli Maria

symbol email symbol phone-number +39 045 802 7182

Ruggiero Alessandra

symbol email symbol phone-number 045 8027208

Sacchetto Luca

symbol email symbol phone-number +39 045 812 7538

Salvagno Gian Luca

symbol email symbol phone-number 045 8124308-0456449264

Savoia Anna

symbol email symbol phone-number 045 802 7295

Scupoli Maria

symbol email symbol phone-number 045-8027405 045-8128425

Signoretto Caterina

symbol email symbol phone-number 045 802 7195

Tacconelli Evelina

symbol email symbol phone-number 0458128243 (Segreteria)

Tardivo Stefano

symbol email symbol phone-number +39 045 802 7660

Trabetti Elisabetta

symbol email symbol phone-number 045/8027209

Valenti Maria Teresa

symbol email symbol phone-number +39 045 812 8450

Verlato Giuseppe

symbol email symbol phone-number 045 8027628

Zanolin Maria Elisabetta

symbol email symbol phone-number +39 045 802 7654

Zerman Nicoletta

symbol email symbol phone-number + 39 045 812 4251 - 4857

Zipeto Donato

symbol email symbol phone-number +39 045 802 7204

PhD students

PhD students present in the:

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Course lessons
PhD Schools lessons


Guidelines for PhD students

Below you will find the files that contain the Guidelines for PhD students and rules for the acquisition of ECTS credits (in Italian: "CFU") for the Academic Year 2023/2024.